Houston, Texas

Houston is located in the south-eastern part in the state of Texas.

Texas USA Location

Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas with a population of 2,099,451 residents (2010).

About Houston

Space City. Bayou City. Houston is the fourth largest city in the United States. The city has a symphony orchestra and a theater district. Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industry, oil and natural gas, and only New York City is home to more Fortune 500 headquarters than Houston. Houston has the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a downtown area in the USA. Yearly more than 7 million people visits the Museum District's cultural institutions and exhibits.

To See And To Do In Houston

Houston Museum of Natural Science

Forbidden Gardens

Chase Tower Observatory

Contemporary Arts Museum

Buffalo Soldiers National Museum

Houston Zoo

Chinese Consulate Building

Art Car Museum

Museum of Fine Arts

Hermann Park

Market Square Park

Memorial Park

Rothko Chapel

Discovery Green Park

Buffalo Bayou Park

Downtown Aquarium

Downtown Tunnel System

Houston Grand Opera


Houston Telephone Museum

Childrens Museum of Houston

Linh Son Pagoda Statue Of The Buddha

The Health Museum

Holocaust Museum

Japanese Garden

Houston Maritime Museum

St. Arnolds Brewery

The Galleria Shopping Mall

Space Center

Battleship Texas and San Jacinto Battleground Monument

History Of Houston

In 1836, Houston was founded. The brothers John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen bought the land to build a town. General Sam Houston and his army had a couple of month earlier won the Battle of San Jacinto, and the Allen brothers named the land they just had bought after Sam Houston. The brothers hired Gail Borden, Jr. from Norwich, New York. He plotted the town and laid out wide streets for the town. In 1837, Houston was incorporated. General Sam Houston was now the president of the Republic of Texas, and he signed an act authorizing Houston to incorporate.

In 1838, the Houston Fire Department was established. In 1840, the digging of what over 70 years later would be the Port of Houston started. In 1841, the Houston Police Department was formed. In 1850, about 2,400 people were living in the town. In 1853, the railroad was completed. In 1854, Market Square Park was donated to the town by the town's founder Augustus Chapman Allen. In 1859, a fire destroyed much of the town. In 1868, first gaslights were installed and mule-drawn trolley cars appeared in the streets. In 1870, Houston become a port of entry. In 1877, the first free public schools was established. In 1880, the newspaper the Houston Post was established and the first telephone exchange was built. In 1882, the first electric power plant was built. In 1891, President Benjamin Harrison visited the city. In 1897, the city put down its first asphalt paving and the first automobile appeared in Houston.

In 1900, more than 44,600 people were living in the city. In 1901, the newspaper the Houston Chronicle was founded. In 1904, Houston Lyceum and Carnegie Library opened, later known as Houston Public Library. In 1910, the Houston Police Department purchased its first automobile. In 1913, Houston Symphony was established. In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson opened the Port of Houston. In 1922, George Hermann donated the land to the Hermann Park. In 1924, the Museum of Fine Arts opened. In 1927, the state highway to Houston was built and automatic traffic lights were installed in the city. Also in 1927, Houston Junior College was established which later, in 1934, became the University of Houston. In 1939, the City Hall building was completed. In 1940, the streetcars were replaced by buses. In 1961, the Sharpstown Mall opened. It was the first indoor air-conditioned mall in the world. Also in 1961, NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center was formed. In 1973 it was renamed to the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.

In 1965, Houston Astrodome opened. It was the world's first indoor domed sports stadium. In 1969, Intercontinental Airport opened. It was in 1997 renamed to honor George H. W. Bush. In 1971, the One Shell Plaza building was completed. At the time it was the tallest building in the city. In 1973, Elmer Wayne Henley told the police that he and David Brooks, for almost three years, had helped Dean Arnold Corll to abduct, rape, torture and murder at least 28 boys in a series of killings in Houston. In 1982, the JPMorgan Chase Tower was completed. It is currently the tallest building in the city. In 1983, the Wells Fargo Plaza building was completed and it is the second largest building in Houston. In 2002, the Reliant Stadium opened. It is the first facility in the NFL to have a retractable roof.

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