Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is located in the south-western part in the state of Tennessee.


Tennessee USA Location

Memphis is the largest city in the state of Tennessee with a population of 646,889 residents (2010).


About Memphis

The River City. Memphis is perhaps best known for the song Walking in Memphis, for Elvis Presley's Graceland Mansion, and as the birthplace of the blues. The city has many museums, fine art galleries, and parks. Memphis has one of the purest water supply in the USA and more trees per square mile than any other city.



To See And To Do In Memphis

Graceland

Mississippi River Tour

Memphis Botanic Garden

Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum

Memphis Walk of Fame

Peabody Place Museum

Downtown Memphis

National Civil Rights Museum

Sun Studio

Dixon Gallery and Gardens

Belz Museum of Asian & Judaic Art

Memphis Zoo

The Pink Palace Museum

Ornamental Metal Museum

Lichterman Nature Center

Stax Museum of American Soul Music

Brooks Museum of Art

Cotton Museum

Gibson Guitar Factory

Shelby Farms Park

Overton Square

Overton Park

Children's Museum of Memphis

Mud Island River Park

National Ornamental Metal Museum



History Of Memphis

In 1541, the first European to see the area what is now Memphis was the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. His expedition encountered the Chickasaw Indian tribe who attacked the explorer's camp during the night. About 40 men were killed but the Indians let Hernando de Soto go free. In 1682, French explorers built Fort Prudhomme, a stockade fortification. Fort Prudhomme was the first structure built by the French in Tennessee. Its exact location is not known. In 1739, the French fortification Fort Assumption was constructed. The fort was used as a base against the Chickasaw Indian tribe.

In 1818, white settlers came to the site after the Federal Government purchased it from the Chickasaw Nation, who had signed a treaty with the goverment. In 1819, Memphis was founded by a group of investors. In 1826, Memphis was incorporated as a city and the newspapers, the Memphis Advocate and the Western District Intelligencer started. In 1828, the yellow fever epidemic killed 150 people. In 1829, the first fire company is organized. In 1830, a Town Hall was built. In 1830, the cotton industry was big in the area and Memphis was a major slave market. In 1845, U.S. government established a navy yard in Memphis. In 1848, the first free public schools opened. In 1857, the railroad was completed. In 1861, during the Civil War, Memphis was a Confederate stronghold. In 1862, a naval battle were fought on the Mississippi River in Memphis. The Union fleet defeated the Confederate naval forces and occupied the city. In 1865, a mule-drawn street railroad was established. In 1869, the original Peabody Hotel was built. In 1873, 1878 and 1879, more than 7600 people died in the city in yellow fever epidemic. At the time there were about 40,000 people living in the city. In 1891, electric streetcars was operating in the city. In 1893, the first public library in Memphis opened. In 1895, the ten-story Porter Building was completed.

In 1900, more than 102,000 people were living in the city. In 1906, the Overton Park Zoo opened. In 1925, the current Peabody Hotel building, on Union Avenue, was built. In 1925, the airport was completed. In 1951, the Tri-State Defender, a local black newspaper, began its publication. In 1952, the first national motel chain, Holiday Inn, was founded in Memphis by Kemmons Wilson. Also in 1952, Sun Records started. In 1957, Stax Records opened. In 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. In 1973, FedEx Corporation moved to Memphis. In 1977, Elvis Presley died at Graceland.






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