Mount Rushmore, South Dakota
Mount Rushmor is located near Keystone, South Dakota, in the United States.
The sculpture Mount Rushmore is one of the most famous and perhaps the most controversial monument in USA. It is carved right out of a huge rock of granite. The gigantic sculpture is located near Keystone, in Pennington County, South Dakota, in the inaccessible mountain massif of the Black Hills and it shows the faces of four U.S. presidents. The faces represent the United States first 150 years as a nation. Approximately two million tourists annually comes to see the monument. The faces: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
That the Mount Rushmore National Memorial is at the Lakota-Sioux holy mountain, Paha Sapa, and that they have created a monument to politicians that robbed the Lakota people of their lands and natural habitat, are something that has brought feelings of dissatisfaction of the natives in the area. The mountain has been regarded as sacred to the native people. The cliff that the four presidents' faces has been carved out of, the Lakota people called "The six ancestors" because of the legendary medicine man Black Elk's spiritual visions regarding the mountain.
With the support of the organization "the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation", a creation of an even greater monument with the face of the legendary Lakota chief, Crazy Horse, seated on the horseback is a visible proof that the Lakota people doesn't like Mt. Rushmore. The Crazy Horse Memorial is located very near the Mount Rushmore and it was Crazy Horse along with Sitting Bull that led the coalition of Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapahoer who won over General Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
The Idea Of The Mount Rushmore Monument
In 1927, President Calvin Coolidge launched the idea of the monument. The man who created the giant statues was the Danish-American artist and sculptor Gutzon Borglum with the help from hundreds of workers. Gutzon Borglum was a man with a dubious reputation. He had earlier developed sympathetic connections with the Ku Klux Klan. He later stated, "I am not a member of the Kloncilium, nor a knight of the KKK".
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