Columbus, Georgia

Columbus is located in the central western border of Georgia.

Georgia USA Location

Columbus is the third largest city in Georgia with a population of 186,219 residents (2011).

About Columbus

The Fountain City. Columbus is known for its Southern hospitality and unique attractions with many museums and other tourism attractions. Columbus is also known for being the site of the last battle of the Civil War. The city has been ranked number 4 on the 100 Best U.S. Cities to live by Best Life Magazine.

To See And To Do In Columbus

Coca-Cola Space Science Museum

Columbus Museum

Horse and carriage city sightseeing

National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus

National Infantry Museum

Springer Opera House Museum

Columbus Park Crossing

Peachtree Mall

Standing Boy Creek State Park

Heritage Park

Columbus Historic District

History Of Columbus

Columbus was founded in 1828 and the river powered gristmills and sawmills. In 1835, the original "The Church of the Holy Family" was built. In 1836. the town served as the command post for military operations against the Creek Indians. In 1838, a textile mill was built. In 1839, the Mott House was built. In 1844, the Riverfront Industrial District was built. In 1850, nearly 6,000 people lived in the city. In 1853, Columbus Ironworks was built.

The city's importance increased in the 1850s with the arrival of the railroad. The Chattahoochee's waterpower made Columbus a manufacturing center. During the Civil War, the industries of Columbus supplied the Confederate army with textiles, ironworks and swords.

The Battle of Columbus, April 16, 1865, is widely regarded to be the last battle of the American Civil War. In 1871, the Springer Opera House was built. In 1877, the Catholic Church "The Church of the Holy Family" was built. In 1881, the Garrett-Bullock House was built by Confederate Colonel Joseph S. Garrett.

In 1900, 17,600 people lived in the city. Columbus was one of the most important industrial centers of the south in the early 1900s. In 1913, a fire destroyed 6 blocks of downtown. In 1919, Ernest Woodruff, a Columbus native, purchased Coca-Cola from the Candler family for $25 million. In 1933, the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse was built. In 1953, the Columbus Museum was founded. In 1975, the Aflac Building was completed and the Peachtree Mall opened. In 1996, the Columbus Civic Center opened. In 2003, office building "Synovus Centre" was built. In 2009, the National Infantry Museum was established.

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