Phoenix, Arizona

Phoenix is centrally located in the State of Arizona.


Arizona USA Location

Phoenix is the capital of the state of Arizona and the state's largest city with a population of 1,445,632 residents (2010).


About Phoenix

Three out of the five tallest skyscrapers in Arizona are in Downtown Phoenix. South Phoenix is home to South Mountain Regional Park, the largest municipal park in the country. Phoenix is a very nice vacation destination. However, some parts of the city and suburbs should be avoided at night. Phoenix Art Museum is the Southwest’s largest destination for visual art from across the world. Currently, there are 15 urban villages in the city.



To See And To Do In Phoenix

Phoenix Art Museum

Arizona Science Center

Heard Museum

Ruster's Rooste Gift Shop

Musical Instrument Museum

Phoenix Mountains Park



History Of Phoenix

European and American mountain men explored the area in the early 19th century and settlement of the area commenced in the 1860s. In 1867, the Confederate veteran of the American Civil War, Jack Swilling, saw the river valley and its potential for farming and he started to build canals. In 1868, Jack Swilling established the first post office. In 1870, nearly 300 people had arrived to the area and in 1871, the town had its first sheriff and the first church, the first school, and the first store opened. In 1878, the National Bank was established, and the newspaper, the Salt River Valley Herald was published. In 1880, Phoenix became the capital of Arizona Territory and Phoenix was incorporated as a city in 1881.

The name Phoenix was suggested as it described a city born from the ruins of a former civilization. In 1885, the Arizona State University was established. In 1886, the first electric plants was installed. In 1887, the railroad was completed and the first horse-drawn streetcar was operating in the city. In 1890, the newspaper, the Arizona Republic, was founded. In 1891, the city had telephones. In 1893, the city had electric street cars. In 1899, a library opened.

In 1900, there were more than 5,500 people living in the city and the Arizona State Capitol was built. In 1908, the Carnegie Free Library opened. On February 14, 1912, Phoenix became the capital of the state of Arizona. In 1920, first skyscraper was built. (The Heard Building). In 1950, more than 106,000 people lived within the city. In 1959, the Phoenix Art Museum opened. In 1972, the Phoenix Symphony Hall opened. In 1992, the sports and entertainment arena, the US Airways Center, opened, and the Phoenix City Hall was completed. The famous "Phoenix Lights" UFO sightings took place in March 1997. Lights of varying descriptions were seen by thousands of people between 19:30 and 22:30 MST. The United States Air Force identified the lights as flares dropped by A-10 Warthog aircraft that were on training exercises.





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