Moundville Archaeological Park, Alabama
Moundville Archaeological Park is located in Hale County, south of Tuscaloosa, near the town of Moundville.
Moundville Archaeological Park
On the Black Warrior River in Hale County is one of the largest prehistoric settlements in the USA. The site was occupied by Native Americans of the Mississippian culture. The Moundville site was heavily populated from around 1100 AD to 1450 AD. The present-day 320 acres park encompasses the original site and is operated by the University of Alabama.
The park includes 28 earthen pyramids and if you visit the park you can take a guided tour with the park rangers, visit the museum and learn how the Mississippian Indians dressed, what materials and technologies they used to make tools and weapons, see the Mississippian culture pottery and other beautiful treasures that have been found at the Moundville Site.
The Moundville Archaeological Park History
The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture and Moundville is one of the most important sites of the Mississippian culture. The Moundville Indian Village was founded around 1120 and it was a ceremonial and political center of the culture. More than 10,000 people lived in the surrounding area and about 1000 people lived within the walls. The people hunted and fished and were farmers. Around 1450, the last inhabitants had left the town and the site became a place where people were buried.
In 1869, Nathaniel T. Lupton mapped the site and in 1905/1906, the collector Clarence Bloomfield Moore unearthed dozens of copper and shell ornaments, pottery vessels, stone pipes, axes, and palettes. In 1964, the area was declared a National Historic Landmark and in 1966, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
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